US Course Faculty

Michelle Schraeder, DVM, MEd, FAAVAp12075ta100811_6_0 - Copy
Chair of the Education Committee

Dr. Michelle Schraeder graduated from The Ohio State University in 1985. Through the International Veterinary Acupuncture Society (IVAS) she is certified in veterinary acupuncture and has completed a three year course in Veterinary Chinese Herbal Medicine, and through the Chi Institute is certified in veterinary Tui-na (massage).  Dr. Schraeder became one of first two veterinarians to become a Fellow of the American Academy of Veterinary Acupuncture (FAAVA). She has also obtained a Masters of Education in College and Continuing Education. Presently she is chair of the IVAS International Education Committee, an IVAS board member, and a member of the AAVA Advanced Certification Committee. She practices integrative medicine, utilizing Traditional Chinese Medicine with conventional medicine, at her clinic in Bellingham, Washington. Dr. Schraeder has been a speaker at Western Veterinary Conference, AHVMA and AAVA conferences, IVAS congresses, and various state VMA meetings. Michelle is currently involved with Moodle, the e-platform IVAS uses for its US course and other IVAS online educational opportunities, including creating self-assessment interactive study guides, quizzes, the Flash cards on the points, the course syllabus with learning objectives and goals, and watching over the discussion forum for any questions that need answering.

 

Linda C. Boggie, DVM, FAAVA

Dr. Linda Boggie graduated from Colorado State University College of Veterinary Medicine in 1987. She became certified by the International Veterinary Acupuncture Society (IVAS) in 1995 and incorporated acupuncture into her existing small animal practice. She completed the Chinese herbal course at the Chi Institute in 2004. In 2014 she became a Fellow of the American Academy of Veterinary Acupuncturists.

Read more about Linda C. Boggie, DVM, FAAVA
In 2003 she moved to The Netherlands and has an integrative practice in Deventer with her husband, a veterinarian specialized in dentistry and orthopedics in companion animals.

Since 1998 she has lectured for various acupuncture courses, advanced continuing education seminars, congresses and symposiums in the USA, Canada, Scandinavia, Europe, Australia, China and Taiwan.

An active member of the IVAS since 1995, she served as President from 2002-08 and remains involved as the Examination committee chair and member of the Board of Directors.

She enjoys Chinese veterinary medical practice, lecturing on Chinese medicine, acupuncture and the use of Chinese herbs in small animals. Any spare time is enjoyably spent with her husband, their Friesian horses, cat, two dogs and a Shetland pony.

 

 

Delores T. Craig, DVM, CVA (IVAS)Delores T. Craig, DVM, CVA (IVAS)

1983 Graduated from University of Missouri @ Columbia Veterinary College
1983 to 1985 Small Animal Practitioner Fulton, Mo.
1985 Moved to Las Cruces, NM
1985 to 1988 Small Animal Practitioner and Practice Manager in El Paso, Tx
1988 Purchased Solano Animal Clinic in Las Cruces, NM
2004 IVAS Basic Acupuncture Course
2006 IVAS Certification

Read more about Delores T. Craig, DVM, CVA (IVAS)
2007 Chi Institute Herbal Modules
2008 Chi Institute Certification Herbal Practitioner
2008 IVAS TA in San Diego
2008 - Present IVAS Education Committee Member
2011 IVAS TA Coordinator Portland
2012 IVAS TA Coordinator Atlanta
2012 - 2015 IVAS Small Animal IVAS Course Coordinator
2012 - Present IVAS Point Committee Member
2013 IVAS TA Coordinator San Antonio
2014 IVAS TA Coordinator Portland
Memberships:
1983 - Present American Veterinary Medical Association
2004 - Present International Veterinary Acupuncture Society
2004 - Present American Association of Veterinary Acupuncture
2005 - Present Texas Veterinary Medical Association

 

Nathan C. Heilman, DVM, CVA, CVSMTHeilman, Nathan C.

Education:
Bachelor of Animal Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, Class of 1993
Doctor of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, Class of 1997
International Veterinary Acupuncture Society Certification Course, Houston, TX, Class of 2005
Introduction to Chinese Herbal Medicine, A Time to Heal, Wonder Lake, IL, Class of 2007
Veterinary Spinal Manipulation Therapy, Healing Oasis Learning Center, Sturtevant, WI, Class of 2015

Read more about Nathan C. Heilman, DVM, CVA, CVSMT
Work Experience
Co-Founder and Veterinarian at Qi Veterinary Clinic, South Burlington, VT 2007-present
Maintaining health, and treating disease, using an integration of Chinese and Western (allopathic) medical systems. Incorporating acupuncture, herbal medicine, spinal manipulation, nutrition counseling, and general medicine and surgery to provide holistic care.
Co-Owner/Partner, A Time To Heal, Shelburne, VT 2015 – present
A nationwide herbal distributorship, focused on providing client education, via consults and continuing education courses (introductory and advanced).
Associate Veterinarian, Vergennes Animal Hospital, Vergennes, VT 2000-2007
Incorporated acupuncture, herbal medicine, and Western (allopathic) treatments caring for domesticated species, large and small.
Teaching Experience:
Instructor, A Time to Heal Herbal Course, Wonder Lake, IL; Shelburne, VT 2010, 2015
Responsible for 4 days of lecture in total, describing individual herbs, formulas, and their practical use.
IVAS & Chi Institute Acupuncture Mentor, at Qi Veterinary Clinic 2007 – Present
Hosted a dozen veterinarians for durations of days to weeks, instructing them on principles of Chinese medical treatment.
Other Relevant Experience:
Instructor, 3rd degree black belt, Oom Yung Doe Martial Arts, Boston, MA 1996 – Present
Responsible for learning and teaching eight individual martial arts, combined under an integrated system; Bagwa Chung, Kung Fu, Hapkido / Aikido, Tai Chi Chung, Ship Pal Gae (18 Weapons), Udo (Jiu Jitsu), Kong Su (Tae Kwan Do), Kom Do (Samurai Sword)
Owner / Operator, Gale Force Farm, New Haven, VT 2002 – Present
Managing a small sustainable agricultural enterprise, including a woodlot with timbering, a small herd of Scottish Highland cattle, and maple syrup production.

 

 

Kevin J. May, DVMMay, Kevin

Graduated from Texas A&M University School of Veterinary Medicine in 1980.
Been in practice since graduation, and utilizing veterinary acupuncture as a part of my practice since 1988.
Certified in Veterinary Acupuncture by The International Veterinary Acupuncture Society (IVAS) in 1988.
Been a member of IVAS since 1987 and The Academy of Veterinary Acupuncture (AAVA) since 1998.
Been a lecturer on Equine Acupuncture for the IVAS Basic Certification Course in Veterinary Acupuncture since 1996.
Presented a paper on "The Use of Acupuncture in the Control of Equine Foot Pain" at The American Association of Equine Practitioners (AAEP) 43rd Annual Convention in Phoenix, Arizona.
Lectured on Equine Acupuncture, and Trigger Points and Myofascial Pain for the Association of Veterinary Acupuncturists of Canada's Basic Certification Course in Veterinary Acupuncture in 2007.

Read more about Kevin J. May, DVM
Been a presenter on basic, small animal and/or equine acupuncture at the following:
- Wild West Veterinary Conference in Reno, Nevada - 1997
- The United States Combined Training Associations 39th Annual Meeting and Convention in Salt Lake City, Utah-1998
- The Ohio Veterinary Medical Association - Midwest Veterinary Conference in Columbus, Ohio - 2000/2001
- Central Veterinary Conference in Kansas City, Missouri-2002
- North American Veterinary Conference in Orlando, Florida-2005/2008
- Student American Veterinary Medical Association National Convention in College Station, Texas-2005
- Italian Veterinary Acupuncture Society Annual Meeting in Padova, Italy-2005
- University of Minnesota School of Veterinary Medicine-2005
- Saint George's University School of Veterinary Medicine-2006-2008
- Western Veterinary Conference in Las Vegas, Nevada-2007
- American Veterinary Medical Association Annual Conference in Washington, DC-2007 and New Orleans, Louisiana-2008
- Southwest Veterinary Symposium in Dallas, Texas-2008
- Australian Veterinary Association Annual Conference in Darwin, North Territory-2009
- Pacific Veterinary Conference in Anaheim, California-2009
- IVAS Congresses 2004-2009
- AAVA Annual Meeting-2009
Been a presenter on both Canine and Equine Pertinent Acupuncture Anatomy-IVAS Basic Certification Course in Veterinary Acupuncture-2006-2009.
Coauthor and editor of both the Canine and Equine Required Acupuncture Points CD.
Facilitator of the Alternative Therapies Forum for AAEP 2002-2006

 

Nell J. Ostermeier, DVM, CVA (IVAS)

Dr. Nell began her journey into veterinary medicine at a very young age, growing up on a farm in rural Central Illinois where she was constantly surrounded by farm animals, barn cats and wildlife. These creatures often find themselves in distress, and since veterinary care was not always available or elected, Nell would make her own attempts at improving their quality of life or curing their ailments. From that time on, she always knew that she would become a veterinarian so that she could have a better chance to improve the lives of animals. Dr. Nell graduated from the University of Illinois in 2004 and moved to Southern California to begin practice as a small animal and exotic companion animal veterinarian. During veterinary school she completed externships at the University of Tennessee Exotics Department, Knoxville Zoo and Brookfield Zoo. These externships prepared her for the specialized care and treatments that are required when working with most exotic pet species.

Read more about Nell J. Ostermeier, DVM, CVA (IVAS)
In 2007, Dr. Nell and her husband decided to make a big life change by purchasing a small animal practice (Lombard Animal Hospital) in Portland, Oregon. It was during the first few years of owning a practice that Dr. Nell became frustrated with the limitations of Western Medicine, especially when treating senior pets, painful pets, pets with chronic disease and exotic species. So, in 2010, she began another adventure and signed up for the IVAS Course in Veterinary Acupuncture. This turned out to be one of the best risks she has taken in life so far and Dr. Nell has been a certified veterinary acupuncturist since 2012. She developed the Integrative Program at her hospital where she treats dogs, cats, rabbits, and other small exotic pets using the best of both worlds -Western and Eastern. In addition to treating patients, the program hosts other veterinarians who are training in veterinary acupuncture and other certified veterinary acupuncturists wishing to gain more experience.

Dr. Nell has been a Teaching Associate for the IVAS course since 2013, Teaching Associate and Small Animal Coordinator since 2016, and is honored to begin her first year as an Instructor in 2017. Her future goals include continuing to develop her Integrative practice by earning FAAVA certification, deepening her role with IVAS and the IVAS course, and guiding others as they strive to integrate acupuncture into practice. Her outside passions include almost anything that can be literally done “outside,” traveling as much as possible and exploring the Pacific Northwest with her husband, reading and spending time with her pets. Dr. Nell’s ultimate dream is to dedicate a portion of her time to sea turtle conservation and to become a respected acupuncturist for these amazing, peaceful creatures!

 

Richard A. Schafer DVM, MS, CVA
Course CoordinatorRick Schafer cropped

Education:
Doctor of Veterinary Medicine, Texas A&M University, 1981
Master of Science, Epidemiology, Texas A&M University, 1981
Experience:
2008-Present
Owner, All Creatures Acupuncture
Texas State Aquarium one day per week and as necessary for emergencies
Lecturer for The International Veterinary Acupuncture Society (IVAS) basic course in Veterinary Acupuncture since 1994
Certified in Veterinary Acupuncture by IVAS (1994)
Completed the Chinese Herbal Medicine Course (1996)
Completed the Chi Institute Food Therapy Course (2009)
2002 to 2008

Read more about Richard A. Schafer DVM, MS, CVA
Owner, All Creatures Acupuncture (house, stable call practice for acupuncture, chiropractic, and Chinese Herbs)
Relief Veterinarian
Texas State Aquarium one day a month veterinarian
1999 to 2002
Medical Director, Pet's Choice Oso Creek Animal Hospital (three doctor AAHA practice for small animals, birds, exotics)
Stable call practice for horses
Texas State Aquarium veterinarian
1989 to 1999
Owner, Oso Creek Animal Hospital (full service three doctor hospital with boarding and grooming, cremation services, emergency services)
Texas State Aquarium veterinarian
Interests: surgery, including orthopedics, ophthalmology, soft tissue, and reconstructive
Diagnostics, internal medicine, acupuncture, avian, exotics, equine

 

James Skoien, Akupunkteur, RA James Skoien, Akupunkteur, RA

Nationally certified acupuncturist (active status since 1985) (NCCAOM, United States); nationally diplomated acupuncturist and herbalist (active status since 1997) (SBOTCM, Switzerland)
25 years of clinical experience, private clinics, teaching clinics
2004-2010: private clinic for Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) in Lucerne, Switzerland
1994-1998: private clinic for TCM in Stans, Switzerland
1985-1994: private clinic for TCM in Los Angeles and Colorado Springs, USA; California license and National certification (NCCAOM) in 1985
1998- 2004: clinical director for the Tao Chi School teaching clinic for TCM, Luzern, Switzerland; responsible for the treatment of patients and the supervision of interns

Read more about James Skoien, Akupunkteur, RA
25 years of teaching experience
1995-2010: main instructor and director of the TCM program (Tao Chi Schule, Zürich, Switzerland); approximately 500 teaching hours a year
1985-2010: lecturer in the English and German languages for TCM herbal medicine and acupuncture (numerous medical doctor and veterinarian training programs, including the International Veterinary Acupuncture Society, Belgian Veterinary Acupuncture Society, German Veterinary Acupuncture Society, Assoziation Schweizer Ärztegellschaften für Akupunktur und Chinesisce Medizin, Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Traditionelle Chinesische Medizin, Austria); more than 50 lectures in several countries (USA, Canada, England, Ireland, Belgium, Norway, Finland, Denmark, Sweden, Austria, Germany)
1984-1994: lecturer for TCM, numerous TCM colleges and schools in California and Colorado (Yo San University, Samra University, Emperor's College, Royal University, Colorado School of TCM, etc.)
Teaching Materials and publications, numerous instructional books, the latest publications (German language):
Die Grundlagen der Traditionellen Chinesischen Medizin; Ein umfassendes Lern- und Arbeitsbuch für Praktiker und Studenten, 2., überarbeitete und erweiterte Auflage, 2007 (Eigenverlag, ISBN-978-3-033-01273-8)
Akupunktur; Wirkungen, Indikationen und Punktlokalisation, 2007 (Eigenverlag, ISBN-978-3-033-01280-6)
Teaching Materials and publications, numerous instructional books, the latest publications (German language)
Muster-Differenzierung in der Traditionellen Chinesischen Medizin, Band I: Die Grundmuster und ihre Behandlung mit Akupunktur und Chinesischer Arzneimitteltherapie, 2006 (Eigenverlag, ISBN-13: 978-3-033-01037-6)
Muster-Differenzierung in der Traditionellen Chinesischen Medizin, Band II: Schlüsselsymptome und -krankheitszeichen, Muster und ihre Behandlung mit Akupunktur und Chinesischer Arzneimitteltherapie, 2006 (Eigenverlag, ISBN-13: 978-3-033-01103-9)

 

Donald P. Thompson, DVM, FAAVA, CVA, CVCH

Education:
New York State College of Veterinary Medicine at Cornell University, Ithaca, New York
Doctor of Veterinary Medicine 1980-1984
St. Lawrence University, Canton, New York
Bachelor of Science, Magna Cum Laude 1976-1980
Dual Majors in Biology and Chemistry, Phi Beta Kappa Honor Society

Read more about Donald P. Thompson, DVM, FAAVA, CVA, CVCH
Awards:
Excellence in Large Animal Medicine, Cornell Fourth Year Awards 1984
Excellent Presentation, Chi Institute of TCVM 8th Annual Conference 2012
Teaching Experience:
Teaching Assistant, Chi Institute of Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine 2009-2017
Lecturer, Chi Institute of TCVM 2009-2016
Lectured on varied topics for the Basic Acupuncture Course, including an introduction to Extraordinary Vessels, An Introduction to Chinese Herbal Medicine and Ruminant and Camelid TCVM
Lecturer, Annual Conference of the American Academy of Veterinary Acupuncture, Scottsdale, Arizona 2014
Lectured on Extraordinary Vessels, Ruminant and Camelid TCVM, Introduction to Chinese herbal medicine and Pinyin Phonetics
Lecturer, Continuing Education for Camelid Practitioners and Clients
Wisconsin College of Veterinary Medicine, Madison, WI 2012
An introduction to TCVM as it relates to South American camelids
Lecturer, Midwest Veterinary Conference, Columbus, OH 2011
Lectured on Extraordinary Vessels, Ruminant and Camelid TCVM,
Introduction to Chinese herbal medicine and Pinyin Phonetics
Lecturer, Annual Chi Institute of TCVM Conference, Lanzhou, China 2010
Lectured on The Application of the Extraordinary Vessels
Lecturer, Annual Chi Institute of TCVM Conference 2008, Beijing, China
Lectured on Introduction to Ruminant and Camelid TCVM
Teaching Assistant, IVAS Basic Acupuncture Course, San Diego, CA 2002
Related Experience
Certified Veterinary Acupuncturist
International Veterinary Acupuncture Society
Chi Institute of Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine
Certified Veterinary Chinese Herbalist
Chi Institute of Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine
College of Integrative Veterinary Therapies and IVAS
Fellow of the American Academy of Veterinary Acupuncture
Online Case Consultant, Chi Institute of Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine, Reddick, Florida
Publications and Papers
Contributing Author, Practical Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine
Ruminant and Camelid TCVM Methods
Chi Institute of Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine, Reddick, FL 2016
Languages
English
Memberships
American Veterinary Medical Association
International Veterinary Acupuncture Society
American Academy of Veterinary Acupuncture
Fellow of the American Academy of Veterinary Acupuncture

 

 

Gregory F. Todd, DVM Gregory F. Todd, DVM

Education:
Bachelor of Science in Microbiology, University of Florida, 1983
Doctor of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, 1988
Certified Veterinary Acupuncturist (CVA), International Veterinary Acupuncture Society, 1996
Certified Veterinary Acupuncturist (CVA), Chi Institute, 2008
Clinical apprentice, 1993-1996
Patrick Sullivan A.P.
White Crane Clinic
9 Hibiscus Street
Tarpon Springs, FL 34689
Completion of Chi Institute Herbal Instruction Course Modules:
Respiratory/Cardiovascular Disease
Kidney, Urinary, Reproduction, Geriatric
Dermatology/Oncology/Immune-mediated diseases

Read more about Gregory F. Todd, DVM
Professional Practice:
Owner/Doctor/Head of Treatment: Animal Hospital of Dunedin
The Animal Hospital of Dunedin is a six doctor integrative veterinary hospital located in Dunedin, Florida.
Previous Lecture Experiences:
Instructor/Speaker, IVAS Basic Course 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010
Speaker, North American Veterinary Conference 2007, Scheduled speaker for 2011
Speaker, American Academy of Veterinary Acupuncture Meeting, Nashville, 2008
Teaching Assistant, Chi Institute of Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine (TCVM) 2005
Canine Teaching Assistant Leader, Chi Institute of Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine (TCVM), 2006 – present
Speaker/Instructor, Chi Institute of Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine (TCVM), 2006-present
Speaker/Instructor, Chi Institute of Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine (TCVM) Herbal Course Modules:
Respiratory/Cardiovascular Disease, 2006-present
Dermatology/Oncology/Immune-mediated Diseases, 2006-present
Publications:
Todd, Gregory. "The Diagnosis and Treatment of Four TCVM Patterns Related to Pancreatitis." American Journal of Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine 5.1 (February 2010): 79-86

 

Dietrich Graf von Schweinitz BSc DVM MRCVS

Doctor Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, USA 1982.
Member Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons, 1983.
Certified Veterinary Acupuncturist (International Veterinary Acupuncture Society), 1998.
Association of British Veterinary Acupuncturists (Past President; Course Director /Lecturer)
International Veterinary Acupuncture Society (Ed Committee 1999-2006; BOD 2004-07)
Founder and Principal: Southern Hills Equine Veterinary Clinic, Greyfriars Farm, Puttenham, Guildford, Surrey, England, 1989 – 2013.
Veterinary Acupuncture Referrals (large and small animal): 2000-present

Read more about Dietrich Graf von Schweinitz BSc DVM MRCVS
Special Professional Interests
Chronic Pain Physiology and Management
Poor Performance Diagnostics in the horse, Diagnostic Imaging
Infrared Thermographic Diagnostics in Neuromuscular Disease
Acupuncture in Chronic Diseases (all species)
Thermographic Studies of Acupuncture Responses in the Horse
Publications:
Thermographic Evidence for the Effectiveness of Acupuncture in Equine Neuromuscular Disease. Acupunct Med, Vol XVI, No 1, 1998.
Thermographic Diagnostics in Equine Back Pain. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Equine Practice, Back Problems, Vol 15, No 1, 1999.
Acupuncture in the Horse. Guardians of the Horse II, Romney Publications, edited by P Rossdale and R Green, 2001.
Needle electromyographic activity of myofascial trigger points and control sites in equine cleidobrachialis muscle – an observational study. Macgregor J, Graf von Schweinitz D.. Acupunct Med. 2006 Jun; 24(2):61-70.
Acupuncture in the horse, co-author; VetStream Equis, on line clinical reference; 2011.
Electroacupuncture for nerve injury in the horse. Equine Vet Educ. 2014.
Acupuncture for pain control. Current Therapy in Equine Medicine, 7th ed., Robinson and Sprayberry eds.; in press.
Presentations and Lecturing
NoVAS / IVAS Basic Course in Veterinary Acupuncture, Helsinki, Finland. June 2012.
ABVA Course Director and lecturer in Veterinary Acupuncture, 2003 to present.
NoVAS / IVAS Basic Course in Veterinary Acupuncture, Norway, 2008.
Blue Peter: television demonstration of canine acupuncture on Lucy, Feb 2007.
Spillers International Eventing Forum 2007: equine acupuncture demonstration and forum speaker.
NoVAS (Scandinavian Vet. Acupuncture Society) Annual Meeting, Keynote lectures over 2 days. May 2005
Recognition and Diagnosis of Chronic Pain in the Horse, lecture to Association of Chartered Physiotherapists in Animal Therapy (ACPAT), Newmarket, July 2004
EMG studies of Equine Trigger Points, Association of British Veterinary Acupuncturists Spring Meeting, 2003
Thermographic monitoring of acupuncture responses in Sympathetic Associated Pain syndromes in the horse; Abnormal Electrical Activity and Local Twitch Response at Myofascial Trigger Points in Equine Muscle presentations at IVAS Congress, Brasil, 2003
Sympathetic associated pain syndromes in the horse. Presented at the International Council of Medical Acupuncture and Related Techniques 10th World Congress, Edinburgh, May 2002
Lecturer on acupuncture and pain physiology, Colorado State University Veterinary Acupuncture Course, Jan 2002.
Pain Mechanisms, Diagnostics, and Therapies including Acupuncture. 10 hours of lecture presented at the Danish Equine Veterinary Association Annual Meeting, Aalborg, Nov 2000.
Infrared thermal imaging and acupuncture in the treatment of equine spinal disorders. Anglo-European College of Chiropractic, Bournemouth. Spinal Disorders in Clinical Veterinary Practice – A Multidisciplinary Symposium, Oct 2000.
Thermographic Studies of Acupuncture Effects in Horses, International Veterinary Acupuncture Society (IVAS) Congress Vienna, Austria, Aug 2000.
Diagnosis of Equine Back Pain, Lecture at ABVA Autumn Meeting, 2000.
Thermography and Acupuncture in the Horse. Presented at UKTA International Thermography Conference and Exhibition, Bath, Mar 2000.
Thermography and Acupuncture in Equine Neuromuscular Disease. IVAS Annual Congress, Lexington, KY, 1999.
The Assessment and Treatment of the Equine Spine, Association of Chartered Physiotherapists in Animal Therapy (ACPAT) Meeting, Newmarket. June 1999.
Aetiology and Clinical Presentation of Equine Cervical Dysfunction, Lecture ACPAT Autumn Seminar and AGM, Oct 1999.
Thermography in Equine Neuromuscular Disease, British Equine Veterinary Association Congress, Sep 1997.
Thermography and Acupuncture in Equine Neuromuscular Disease. Association of British Veterinary Acupuncturists (ABVA) Spring Meeting, Birmingham, 1997.